G. Clarke, K. Rouncefield, M. Sommerville, I.
‘Designing acceptable ‘smart’ home technology to support people in the home’ Technology and Disability 14 (2002) pp1-9 ISSN: 1055-4181
This paper considers the main aspects and questions that are required to be asked by any designer of residences that include technology designed to support the lives of disabled people. It seeks to reframe the design process to extend the concepts of ‘inclusive’ and ‘universal’ design within the social context of designing for people with a wide range of disabilities. Designing ‘smart homes’ or homes that contain elements of ‘smart home’ technology for disabled or older people is not different from designing the home for people without any form of impairment on the one hand. On the other hand, there is a perceptual shift that is required in order to ensure needs are met from all stakeholders. There is a need to determine the needs of the occupant(s) and reflect these needs within the overall design. This paper addresses the main questions that arise from the design process as well as discuss the role of cultural probes in enhancing the design.
Keywords: Cultural probes, design, dependability, disability, assistive technology, ‘smart homes’, inclusive design, universal design, design criteria